Site assessments began by conducting background research on the site, and then performing a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA). Upon completion of a Phase I ESA, the decision to perform additional assessments (e.g. Phase II or Analysis of Brownfields Cleanup Alternatives) was left to the property owner, unless no further action (NFA) was recommended. These ESA reports were supplied to the property owner since Phase I ESAs are often required as part of a property transaction for commercial or industrial properties.
By participating in the grant, landowners benefit from having the costs of investigations and cleanup defrayed, easing the property transaction process, receiving assistance in marketing of the property to interested buyers or developers, and building enhanced property values by eliminating or resolving any perceived stigma of a brownfields site.